Например: Грант

Практикум по чтению древнееврейских рукописей Кумрана

Кеннет Хансон (Университет Центральной Флориды)

Курс включает три занятия и рассчитан на студентов, знакомых с древнееврейским языком хотя бы на начальном уровне. На протяжении трех встреч студентам будут предложены некоторые из кумранских рукописей на древнееврейском языке – главным образом, небиблейские тексты. Вместе с преподавателем студенты смогут не только прочитать их, но и приобрести опыт историко-филологического анализа, ознакомиться с научной литературой по данной теме. 

This three-part seminar examines the linguistic challenges facing researchers and expositors of ancient Hebrew texts and textuality, as represented in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Part I deals with the general exegesis of Dead Sea (Qumranic) texts, focusing on their “radical” approach to interpreting the Hebrew Scriptures. It delineates the sectarian shift in understanding a passage, from the “simple” meaning (Hebrew: p’shat) to uncovering hidden, “secret” meanings (Hebrew: sod). It also deals with the exclusivism and “supersessionism” of sectarian religious ideology. Part II provides examples from various Dead Sea commentaries on the Hebrew Bible, highlighting the degree to which language is a captive of history. The original historical reference of assorted verses from the biblical prophets is reinterpreted by the sectarian authors in light of events and personages of the Second Jewish Commonwealth and the history of the Dead Sea sect itself. Part III deals specifically with examples related to the exegetical meaning of the so-called Damascus Rule. It highlights cryptic terminology that apparently refers to the exalted character of the leader/ founder of the sect, as well as the messiah to come. Language thus serves as the definitive tool for the self-definition, identity and overarching purpose of Dead Sea sectarian community.